Porous ZrO2 encapsulated perovskite composite oxide for organic pollutants removal: Enhanced catalytic efficiency and suppressed metal leaching

Zhang, Longfei Zhang, Luhong Sun, Yongli Jiang, Bin*

School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China

Received 6 January 2021, Revised 16 March 2021, Accepted 29 March 2021, Available online 31 March 2021.


Cobalt-based perovskite material, an effective activator of PMS, is widely employed for wastewater remediation, but still affected by the leakage of the cobalt ions. In this study, a porous core-shell structured perovskite LaFe0.1Co0.9O3-λ/SiO2 core @ZrO2 shell (LFCS@ZrO2) was fabricated and partially etched to enlarge channels to further enhance mass transfer ability. The well-designed core-shell structure can not only restrain metal ion leaching by changing the surface microenvironment but also provide an additional driving force attributed to the enriched concentration gradient, thus enhancing the catalytic oxidation performance. Results showed that the partially etched LFCS@ZrO2 (eLFCS@ZrO2) particles exhibited an increased pore size and showed an attractive catalytic performance as well as a suppressed cobalt ion leaching (3.61 to 0.67 mg/L). Over 99% of tetracycline hydrochloride (20 mg/L) could be degraded in 15 min, and the reaction rate increased 2 folds compared with pristine LaFe0.1Co0.9O3-λ. Besides, quenching test and electron paramagnetic resonance analysis proved that sulfate radicals and singlet oxygen were the two predominant reactive oxygen species during the catalytic oxidation. This work provides a novel perspective for the fabrication of an environmentally friendly perovskite catalyst, which has a great potential application in organic pollutant degradation.

Graphical abstract


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